Breast milk is the best food for infants, so infants need to have to be breast fed in the first 4-6 months. However, not all babies are also fed by the fresh sweet milk from their mother.
In fact, there are many disadvantaged babies because their mother does not have milk or not enough milk for them. A few unfortunate cases, the baby’s mother died by the obstetric complications; even, mothers had diseases such as cancer, serious tuberculosis, mental illness, HIV/AIDS, etc. Therefore, it is necessary in order to learn and understand the essential knowledge in caring for infants when mothers do not have milk.
- Caring for infants after birth
After the baby was born, he/she need to be breastfed immediately. You can get milk from the relatives in the family that you know as aunt or uncle who are raising the baby under 2 years old.
You should present your situation at the time. Surely, most of women will help you if they have the ability, so you do not feel worried or ashamed. Your baby can be directly breastfed from others; even, you can ask to milk into the cup so that the baby can feed later. This milk can maintain from 3 – 4 hours without boiling was good.
When your baby is not breastfed, you should think of feeding the baby by the powder milk. It means that you have to use the external milk or formula milk to feed the baby. In addition, you are able directly to utilize fresh cow milk to feed him/her.
The usage is fresh cow milk which brings to boil and remove off the foam to get cold. Then, you dilute milk with boiling water in proportion 1:3 (1: milk; 3: water). The second way, you are able to choose to use the powder milk for infants under 6 months to feed the baby. Mixing follows the instructions on the packaging.
- Caring for infants with formula milk
Nowadays, plenty of appropriate formula milk appeared on the market create for your convenience. You must comply with the formulated rules as the instructions on the packaging so as to ensure the baby who is fed on demand. The amount of milk will be changed based on each baby from 500 – 1000 ml per day.
Mothers can calculate calories which are provided for infants in order to calculate the amount of powder milk:
The baby from 1-3 months: 120 – 130 Kcal / kg / day
The baby from 3-6 months: 110 – 120 Kcal / kg / day
The baby from 6-12 months: 100 – 110 Kcal / kg /day
With meals, the baby needs to be fed by the fixed hour so as to create the classical condition, the digestive secretion rate and the appetite. With infants, they are guaranteed at least 8 meals per day. According to the age of the baby, the meals of the day can change. The baby from 6 months ought to be fed as the baby is breastfed.
- Several notes when the baby is not breastfed
Since infants are not breastfed, they can be insufficient the necessary nutrients. This one leads to lack of the nutrients which cause the rickets and the malnutrition. In addition, the formula milk does not contain the immunity antibody to against some diseases like breast milk. Therefore, the baby has the risk of developing common diseases such as intestinal infection, respiratory infection, and so on.
Besides, the baby can easily get diarrhea because the stomach of him/her was not used to contacting with outside food. You should also avoid feeding sweetened rice water. This one can lead to diarrhea or diabetes in infants.
Moreover, the baby is breastfed, so he/she is usually the risk of lacking water. Therefore, you regularly need to supplement the sterilized water for the baby after feeding in order to avoid the baby to feel full.
In brief, nurture and care for infants without breast milk are very difficult. Therefore, parents carefully need to have to select the appropriate formula milk to supplement full of essential nutrients as well as beneficial enzymes for the baby. These ones will help the baby against some diseases in the early years.